NACDS Foundation Research Priorities
As health care in the United States shifts to a patient-centered, value-based system that rewards positive outcomes, the NACDS Foundation is examining innovative care delivery that improves patient health, system efficiency and the quality of care. The Foundation is particularly interested in initiatives that are scalable and sustainable which increase accessibility, improve chronic disease conditions, and generally improve patient outcomes.
PROJECT: Care for Minor Ailments
Often, patients turn to accessible health care options – urgent care centers, emergency rooms, physicians’ offices, and pharmacies – as the first line of defense for minor ailments, such as an allergic reactions or abrasions. The goal of this project is to apply a physician-pharmacist collaborative practice model to evaluate quality of care, access to treatment and costs for treating patients for a narrow set of minor ailments in community pharmacies as compared to other healthcare settings.
Study location: Washington
Research Team: Washington State University
PROJECT: Preventive Screenings for Tuberculosis
Tuberculosis testing and latent tuberculosis infections (LTBI) treatments are important public health services and have been the cornerstone of TB prevention in the United States. The goal of this research project is two-fold: (1) to survey patients and understand their perception of receiving TB testing in a community-based environment and (2) to evaluate patient outcomes and access to care when TB testing and treatment are provided in a community pharmacy setting. The study will also explore models to increase follow-up treatment in an effort to limit transmission.
Study location: New Mexico
Research Team: University of New Mexico
PROJECT: Preventive Screenings for HIV/Hepatitis C
Public health authorities continue to stress that early detection among high risk groups is an essential component of disease management and improved patient outcomes in HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) and hepatitis C. This multi-state initiative evaluates the impact of providing community access to screening for at-risk patients. For patients with reactive tests, immediate linkage to care occurs through collaboration with local public health entities. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is providing public health expertise and insight into study design and implementation.
Study location: Michigan, Virginia, Ohio, Georgia
Research Team: CDC, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Ferris State University
PROJECT: Transitions of Care
When individuals with medical problems move from one healthcare setting to another, such as from a hospital back into the patients’ home, the coordination is a critically important “transition of care.” According to the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS), nearly one in five Medicare patients who leave the hospital return within 30 days at a cost of over $26 billion per year. The aim of this project is to determine the effect of a hospital-community “team approach” during the hospital discharge process on the quality of medication management, thereby reducing hospital readmissions.
Study location: Mississippi, Ohio, Pennsylvania
Research Team: CDC, University of Mississippi, University of Cincinnati, Geisinger Center for Health Research
PROJECT: Point-of-Care Testing for Flu and Strep
All too often, symptoms of cold and flu strike on weekends and evenings, requiring patients to resort to expensive medical care. Yet, community-based healthcare settings are becoming more abundant and technology for lab tests has advanced to the point where assessment and treatment can take place all in one visit. The goal of this study is to research the potential efficiencies and public health impact of rapid testing for illnesses; specifically influenza and group A streptococcus (strep throat) in community settings, applying a physician-pharmacist collaborative practice model.
Study location: Multiple states (10)
Research Team: University of Nebraska Medical Center, Ferris State University
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